The dynamics of quark-gluon plasma and the AdS/CFT correspondence

Robi Peschanski (IPhT)

Romuald Janik (Jagiellonian U.)

2010-11-26 10:00, Salle Itzykson, IPhT
2010-12-03 10:00, Salle Itzykson, IPhT
2010-12-10 10:00, Salle Itzykson, IPhT
2010-12-17 10:00, Salle Itzykson, IPhT
Approved by the École Doctorale ED 107

Experiments on high-energy heavy-ion collisions reveal the formation and intriguing properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma, a new phase of matter predicted by Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The phenomenological relevance of relativistic hydrodynamics and the very weak observed viscosity indicate the presence of a strongly-coupled plasma expanding and cooling during the reaction.

As a tool to relate these dynamical features to a microscopic gauge field theory at strong coupling, time-dependent realizations of the AdS/CFT correspondence provide a stimulating way to study these properties in a realistic kinematical configuration. Relating a Yang-Mills gauge field theory with four supersymmetries (which is a conformal field theory, CFT) with gravity in the Anti-de Sitter space in 5 dimensions (AdS$_5$), the AdS/CFT correspondence provides a useful "laboratory" for yet unknown strong coupling properties of QCD. Besides the interest of revealing new aspects of the AdS/CFT correspondence in a dynamical set-up, the application to plasma formation leads to striking theoretical properties which we will discuss in the lectures.

The tentative plan of the lectures follows:

  1. The emergence of an (almost) perfect hydrodynamic fluid at late proper-times after the collision
  2. The duality between an expanding 4-dimensional plasma and a moving black hole escaping in the 5 th dimension
  3. The intimate and general link between conformal hydrodynamics and the Einstein equations in the AdS$_5$ bulk
  4. The unique possibility of studying the far-for-equilibrium stage of a gauge field theory at early proper-times
IPhT Courses
Short course title: 
Quark-gluon plasma
Arxiv classes: