Konstantin Efetov (IPhT, Bochum U.)
The goal of these lectures is to present an introduction to the use of modern, Supersymmetry-inspired tools in Condensed Matter and in Statistical Physics.
I will motivate why Grassmann variables are useful in the study of disordered metals. I will show how one develops the conventional diagrammatic technique, and why one encounters problems in applying it for most interesting systems. Then, I will show how anti-commuting variables help averaging over the disorder, and I will derive the super-matrix non-linear σ-model. After that I will present how non-trivial problems of disordered systems have been attacked by using the σ-model. Proceeding in this way I will discuss Anderson localization in one dimensional thick wires and in two dimensional films, and I will find the solution in high dimensionality or on the Bethe lattice. Then, I will present how the zero dimensional σ-model can be useful for mesoscopic systems, and I will show that Random Matrix Theory is equivalent to the zero dimensional σ-model. This equivalence establishes the connection between disordered mesoscopic systems and quantum chaos. I will show an extension of the conventional σ-model to the ballistic one and an exact mapping onto a generalized σ-model (super-bosonization formula).
The tentative plan of the lectures follows.
- Disorder in normal metals
- Grassmann variables and non-linear supermatrix σ-model.
- Renormalization group for the σ-model in 2 and 2 + ε dimensions.
- Solving one dimensional and high dimensional models.
- Zero dimensional σ-model for small metal particles. Random Matrix Theory and the supersymmetry. Ballistic σ-model and Superbosonization.